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SDSU Extension Guidelines for Safely & Legally Applying XtendiMax, Engenia and FeXapan

Courtesy: United Soybean Board [CC BY 2.0] via Flickr


Written collaboratively by Amanda Bachmann, Gared Shaffer, Nathan Edwards, Laura Edwards, and Paul O. Johnson.

The South Dakota Department of Agriculture adopted the 2018 federal label for the dicamba herbicides: XtendiMax, FeXapan and Engenia. There are substantial changes from the 2017 label—especially in regards to weather. This is a summary of the 2018 label requirements along with SDSU Extension’s research-based suggestions for safe and legal spraying.

Inversions

These products, like many other pesticides, should never by sprayed in inversion conditions. To improve the odds of avoiding an inversion:

  • Never spray from sunset to sunrise.
  • Avoid the hour after sunrise and the hour before sunset. Most inversions (and nearly all strong inversions) occur during these hours or at night.
  • Never spray in winds below 3 mph.
  • Avoid spraying in temperatures less than 3° F over the morning low.

Wind Speed

On the 2018 labels, applications of these products should never take place above 10 mph or below 3 mph. Boom height wind speed needs to be measured and recorded to satisfy label requirements. That said, a meaningful measurement of wind speed taken at 24 inches over soybeans cannot be made, and SDSU Extension does not recommend that applicators rely on it. Use of data from a nearby professional weather station (National Weather Service or South Dakota Mesonet) with standard wind measurements should be used. It should be noted that the boom height wind speed is a requirement unique to these products; standard wind speeds should continue to be used for other products.

Rainfall

These products cannot be sprayed if rain is in the 24-hour forecast.

Temperatures

Air temperature should be recorded. Avoid spraying in high temperatures.

Timing

These products should never be applied after the R1 growth stage. Avoid spraying the last week in June or later; applications in this timeframe resulted in the majority of complaints in 2017.

Record Keeping

Recordkeeping requirements in the 2018 label are significantly greater than the 2017 label. South Dakota requires records to be completed by the end of the application day. Commercial applicators must retain records of all applications for 3 years, and private applicators must retain records of restricted use pesticide applications for 2 years.

Vehicle Speed

Never apply these products at speeds over 15 mph. Slow down when possible and avoid speeds over 5 mph on field edges.

Tank Hygiene

Never cut corners on the clean out procedures specified on the labels. Tank contamination was the source of some issues in 2017.

Tank Mixes

Use only approved mixes and always carefully check the label of each product for mix order. Performing a mix compatibility test is also advisable. AMS in particular, should never be used.

Sensitive Vegetation

Never spray with winds blowing the direction of sensitive vegetation. Visit with neighbors and make sure to check the South Dakota FieldWatch website. Sensitive vegetation includes:

  • Non-dicamba tolerant field crops
  • Gardens
  • Organic crops
  • Fruit trees
  • Vineyards
  • Peas and beans
  • Ornamentals
  • Tree rows

Buffer Zones

Never spray without a 110 to 220 foot buffer as specified by the label.

Nozzles and Droplet Size

Never use nozzles that are not approved for these products. A list of approved nozzles can be found at the chemical manufacturers’ websites.

Other Dicamba Formulations

Never apply formulations other than these three approved products to dicamba tolerant-soybeans.

Table 1. 2018 Label Requirements & Additional Suggestions.

  2018 State & Label
Requirements
SDSU Extension’s
Additional Suggestions
Application Times Sunrise to sunset One hour after sunrise to one hour before sunset.
Dates   Before the last week in June
Wind Speed 3-10 mph at boom height. 3-10 mph at standard height (like other labels).
Wind Direction Not towards sensitive crops.  
Rain Rain-free 24-hour forecast.  
Sprayer Speed 15 mph maximum. As slow as possible. 5 mph on edges.
Dicamba-Specific Training Required for 2018.  
Spray Volume 15 gallons per acre (10 for Engenia). 15 gallons per acre for all.
Boom Height No more than 24 inches over canopy.  
Buffer 110 to 220 ft.  
Recordkeeping 21 items, generated same-day, kept for 3 years (commercial applicator)/2 years (private applicator).  

Disclaimer: The preceding is presented for informational purposes only. SDSU does not endorse the services, methods or products described herein, and makes no representations or warranties of any kind regarding them.

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Source: SDSU Extension, SDSU Extension Guidelines for Safely & Legally Applying XtendiMax, Engenia and FeXapan