True and Fall Armyworms and Black Cutworms May Be Causing Some Damages in Corn and Pastures in Kentucky
Male adult moths of the true armyworm (Mythimna unipuncta), fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), and black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon) have been captured in increased numbers during the last couple of weeks in pheromone-based traps in Princeton (Figure 1). As individual species, their numbers are not that great, but if added all together, their numbers were above 80 from August 5 to August11 this year. Observations of damages in pastures and hay have been reported by Clint Hardy and Nikki Bell, Agriculture and Natural Resources Agents from Daviess and Marshall Counties, respectively.
Figure 1. Weekly cumulated numbers of black cutworms, true armyworms, and fall armyworms captured in pheromone-based traps at the Research and Education Center in Princeton, KY.
Although true armyworm and black cutworm damage is more intense in spring compared to late summer abundance of fall armyworms, all these species can affect plants during late summer days. Usually these caterpillars are active at night, and in many cases, their feeding can go unnoticed initially. However, when the farmers spot damage, it can be too late or the caterpillars might be too large to be effectively controlled by insecticides.
It is important to notice that the numbers reported in these traps are of the adult stages that do not cause any damage. However, these numbers can be used to conduct a more intense monitoring of these pests. A more intense monitoring of caterpillars will lead to an early detection of populations in fields and a chance to effectively control earlier larval instars.
For a listing of available insecticides, use those listed in, Insecticide Recommendations for Field Corn (ENT-16)
- Beware of True Armyworms–Mild Winter Provides Conditions for Potential Injuries in Small Grains (KPN article)
- Armyworms in Corn (EntFact-109)
- Black Cutworm & Armyworm Moth Captures Show a Big Increase (KPN article)
By Raul T. Villanueva, Extension Entomologist